Sgurgola


Coat of arms of Sgurgola
The area around Sgurgola area was inhabited in ancient times, as evidenced by the tomb found in 1880 in a cave near the present day station below the town. The remains have been attributed to the Rinaldone culture, of the 3rd millennium BC.  The man of about 30 was buried with stone implements painted with cinnabar and a copper pointed dagger.

Sgurgola, appearing for the first time in 1088, is derived from some older language and inhabitants. Ignoring the claimed Spartacan origin, that would justify the traditional local belligerence, the most likely original name of Sculcula is from the Latin 'sculca' meaning ‘lookout’. This name is appropriate for this site overlooking the Sacco valley and down past Frosinone.

Other theorists suggest the same entymology as Gorga town, Sgurgola’s ‘mirror image’ on the other side of the Lepini Mountains, which derives from the latin word for spring (water source).
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In any case the origins of today’s Sgurgola date back to the Barbarian invasions, when the inhabitants of Ferentino and Anagni sought refuge on surrounding high ground, in safer places.  Various rustic Roman villas confirm the existence of pre-Roman settlements in the old towns.

In 1253 Sgurgola was a possession of family Conti of Ceccano who in 1319 sold it to Torelli and then to the Caetani. In the fifteenth century it became part of the possessions of the Colonna family, who held it until 1818.

Of prior historical interest is that, in April 1300, Sgurgola was also the venue of a meeting of Boniface VIII with the emissaries of the king of England Edward I Plantagenet. The aim of the meeting was to mediate conflicts with France and with Scotland (Dupré Theseider).

The differences between the Caetani and Colonna families contributed to the unfolding of the events of 1303, culminating with the "slap of Anagni". According to tradition also saw Sgurgola as theatre even though no definite stone has been unturned.


 



Typical products 

The Queen of Sgurgola Donut is a typical Easter treat and it was prepared in other shapes as well. The donut is cooked twice: it is first boiled and then...
Typical Dishes 

Polenta is the other typical dish of Ciociaria thanks to which the population was fed during the winter. Today here in Sgurgola it is still one of the most...
Typical Wines 

From the sunny vineyards of Sgurgola has been born a tasty wine produced by Thomas Spaziani, a winemaker who loves his country and its traditions. The wine...

Archeotourism 

In the lower part of the village of Sgurgola there is the 'Water Source with Murals' a source of fresh water to which many inhabitants go for their daily...

The monumental cemetery of Sgurgola is located close to the ancient thirteenth century abbey. It was built when, with the Napoleonic laws, it became illegal...
Festivals 

The Grape Festival of Sgurgola is one of the oldest grape festival in the Lazio Region and one of the most beloved. It dates back to the 20's when the...
Religious Celebrations 

In Sgurgola on 6 November the Feast of the patron saint Leonard (San Leonardo) is celebrated with a solemn mass and a procession through the streets of the...

Churches & Places of Worship 

The hermitage of San Leonardo dates back to the 13th century and is located half way up the mountain, at an altitude of 693 meters. It has been built on top...

The Church of Saint Nicholas of Sgurgola dates back to the thirteenth century and it's located along a cliff on the outskirts of town. It originally had two...
Particular museums 

The Museum of Marching Bands of Sgurgola Next to the bridge over the Sacco river leading to the town, is a crenellated tower of medieval origin possibly 1100,...
Architecture and monuments 

The Bell Tower of Santa Maria Assunta of Sgurgola is located at some distance from the church on a hill that overlooks the square. Its strange position is...

The nineteenth-century Clock Tower of Sgurgola has three levels. It rests on an arch that leads into the historic part of town and to the city hall. The...

Food & Wine 

Every dish has its own history that is intrigueing and Sgurgola Donuts are known as the Queen for their particular shape that resembles a crown. In the...
Special Places 

There are many stories about the meaning of Sgurgola and the Sgurgolano spirit, but the most beautiful is the one linked to its coat of arms with...

Did you know that grapes of Sgurgola were among the delicacies of Munich? Can you imagine the German buyers fighting over baskets of grapes from...
Thoughts in Universe 

The end of August south of Rome, in Lazio, Ciociaria, on the road to enjoy a short walk in Sgurgola on the edge of Lepini Mountains. It has been a dry hot...
Tourism Pills by Claudia Bettiol 

How to react to Coronavirus? #ilfuturonellenostreradici A book to unite! In today's video pill we talk about our very interesting and beautiful experience...
Blog 

The 12th of January at 12:20 PM the radio show “Viaggiare in Italia” will air a special episode dedicated to the town of Sgurgola, the stunning town will be...

This Thursday we talked about Sgurgola, together with its Mayor Antonio Corsi! A village that we are waiting to find again, and that in the meantime you can...

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